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In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States was the world’s only superpower.  At the time, in light of the failure of the world’s most powerful Communist regime and the preeminence of the Western powers, many predicted the end of competition amongst major states.  Yet, over the past twenty years, as the United States and its allies have focused on battling terrorists around the world, China has focused on strengthening its economic power and enhancing its military might.  Today, the United States’ role as the leader of the world is under threat.

China’s goal is to displace the Westphalian system with a Chinese order that allows it to impose its will around the globe, and the United States stands as the greatest obstacle to this ambition.  For more than twenty years, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has systematically strengthened and modernized its forces, specifically targeting the unique capabilities that underpin United States military superiority.  As a result of the PLA’s focus and U.S. complacency, the outcome of a regional war between the two powers is not assured.  At the same time, China has transformed its economy into the second largest in the world.  It uses its economic power to complement its regional hegemonic designs and to counter U.S. influence around the world.  At home, the Chinese Communist Party oppresses the Chinese people in an effort to ensure its grip on power and ruthlessly represses the Uyghurs in Xinjiang province.

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Past Events

2022 Winter Olympics: Disrupting the Games
2022 Winter Olympics: Standing Up To China’s Human Rights Abuses
Doing Business with China: How to Protect U.S. Interests Launch
NSI 2020: Is Conflict with China Inevitable?
NSI 2020: China's Rise - Competition in Cyberspace
NSI 2020- Chinese Economic Power and Statecraft: How Should the U.S. Respond?
NSI 2020: Geopolitical Competition in the Indo-Pacific
NSI 2020: Confronting China's Challenge to the World Order Launch Event ft. Michèle Flournoy


Featured Publications


Addressing China’s Oppression of Uyghurs
China's Influence in U.S. Higher Education
Chinese Naval Aggression in the South China Sea


Featured Experts


Gen. Keith Alexander (Ret.)

Gen. Keith Alexander (Ret.)

Advisory Board Member
Jim Danoy

Jim Danoy

Jamil N. Jaffer

Jamil N. Jaffer

NSI Founder and Executive Director


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